It was maybe the first “computer nude portrait”. Ken Knowlton and Leon Harmon, two engineers at Bell Laboratories in Murray Hill, scanned a photograph using a special camera which converted the analog voltages to binary numbers which were assigned typographic symbols. It was also printed in the New York Times and exhibited on the The Machine, as Seen at the End of the Mechanical Age held in the Museum of Modern Art in 1968 – 1969. Their work was also shown at the Cybernetic Serendipity in London, and at Computer and Visual Research 1969 exhibition of the tendencies 4 in Zagreb.

This work is also known as Studies in Perception I and Mural.

Created 1966
Artwork Type: photograph

photograph, b/w

Computer-processed photograph.
Photo print from mIcrofilm
21.9 × 28.3 cm (image: 10.9 × 26.2 cm)
IBM 7094, Stromberg-Carlson S-C 4020 microfilm recorder

Rights: Archive ["MSU":Institution@164], Zagreb

Studies in Perception I, 1966. Is also called Nude.


Mural by Kenneth C. Knowlton and Leon D Harmon (1966).


Part of Mural by Kenneth C. Knowlton and Leon D Harmon (1966).

See also the database entry in the Victory & Albert Collection.