Frank Joseph Malina


Frank Joseph Malina

Born 1912-10-02 in Brenham, Texas, USA.
Died 1981-11-09 in Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

Painter, aeronautical engineer and first director of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory near Pasadena, California, then an Army facility. Pioneer in use of light in kinetic art. He also founded and edited the Leonardo journal.


1934 Obtained his Bachelor of Science at the Texas Agricultural and Mechanical University and entered Caltech (California Institute of Technology).

1940 Obtained a doctorate in aeronautics at the Caltech.

1942 Creates the Aerojet General Corporation.

1944 Creates the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

1945 Launched the first rocket, which makes him becoming a pinoneer of conquest of space.

1947 Becomes part of UNESCO as an advisor to the assistant director of the Department of Natural Science.

1953 Left the UNESCO ans sattled to Paris where he started his artist career.

1953 (In autumn) shows his work at the Henri Tronche Gallery.

1955 (In July ) starts presenting his works in three places in Paris (Comparaisons Salon, Salon des Réalités Nouvelles, Allendy Gallery).

1965 Presents first audio-kinetic work in the Furstenberg Gallery.

1967 Gets more involved in the creation of the jurnal Leonardo.

1968 Launched the jurnal Leonardo.


Frank Joseph Malina