FORTRAN

Programming Language/Software

‘The programming language Fortran first appeared in 1957 and was designed by John Backus for IBM. The short name Fortran (sometimes also written as FORTRAN) is derived by its long name IBM Mathematical Formula Translating System. It is a general-purpose, procedural and imperative programming language that is especially suited for numeric or scientific computing.’ [Fortran]

The major specifications are…:

  • FORTRAN (1953)
  • IBM 1401 FORTRAN
  • FORTRAN II (1958)
  • FORTRAN III (1958)
  • FORTRAN IV
  • FORTRAN 66 (1966)
  • FORTRAN 77 (1978)